Sound from Ingenuity’s 4th flight recorded by mic on SuperCam on Perseverance
ETA: From the NASA site:
Flight #4 Navcam
Percy’s Hazcam captures Flight 4
NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter is viewed by Percy’s front left Hazard Avoidance Camera (A) during the helicopter’s fourth flight on April 30, 2021.
NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover snapped this image using its onboard Front Left Hazard Avoidance Camera A.
This image was acquired on Apr. 30, 2021 (Sol 69) at the local mean solar time of 12:34:13.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
And some mission news:
Perseverance’s first scientific campaign set to take place in the red area shown below
It’s only 36 frames of video so far, but the first frame shows Ingenuity hovering. Flight number four was a success (at getting off the ground, at least).
Chris9712 – 7 hours ago
If you go to the images section, you can see photos from the Hazcams which show it flying a distance away from the rover. It does look like a success.
Edit: JPL confirmed on their Twitter the flight was a success!
slickriptide – 7 hours ago
Oh, yeah, you’re right. That itty bitty spec on the left hazcam is Ingenuity flying. When they do a half-sphere like that, it often means that they’re taking a panorama. Maybe this will be one-third of a triptych!
TransientSignal – 7 hours ago
Status update article has been posted, looks like it was a success!
TinFoilRobotProphet – 7 hours ago
And better yet, they will be using it to scout for Perseverance!
frickindeal – 4 hours ago · edited 4 hours ago
Is that confirmed? Do you have a source?
Edit: never mind, I just read about it. So damn cool that it’s going to tag along and scout ahead.
TinFoilRobotProphet – 51 minutes ago
Agreed! Mars Starsky and Hutch! Or Cagney and Lacey!
Quaker16 – 7 hours ago
Looking forward to the audio!
meltymcface – 6 hours ago
Did they say they were recording audio on this flight?
Quaker16 – 6 hours ago
In the live press conference they said they would attempt it.
meltymcface – 6 hours ago
Ah! Thanks for the info!
Hansolio – 7 hours ago
Do we know how high and far it has flown?
TransientSignal – 7 hours ago
This latest flight was at a height of 5 meters and went out 133 meters and back (266 total meters round trip).
frickindeal – 4 hours ago
Man, that’s incredible. I’ve flown a drone and I get scared to even fly it that far away!
I am very, very happy!
Watch Stars Orbit Milky Way’s Black Hole in Nearly 20-Year Time-Lapse
Jul 31, 2018
The NACO instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope was used to create this time-lapse video of stars orbiting the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole over the course of nearly 20 years. — Star Zooms Past Monster Black Hole, Confirms Relativity: www.space.com/41291-relativity…
HERE’S AN ARTICLE that goes into a lot more detail about what we see in the video, and relativity.
From the link.
For the first time ever, researchers have watched a star race past the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way, verifying that its motion showed the effects of general relativity, as predicted by Albert Einstein.
The stars of the Milky Way orbit a gargantuan black hole called Sagittarius A*, which is generally quiet as viewed from Earth, except for ripping apart the occasional object that ventures too close. The black hole’s mass is 4 million times that of the sun, and it exhibits our galaxy’s strongest gravitational field, making it — and a small group of stars orbiting it at high speed — a perfect proving ground for the extreme effects predicted by Einstein’s theory of general relativity.
This wont be news to some as its 3 years old. But what great video, 20 year timelapse…
Sarcastic? Me? Never!!!
Member – Registered: 2/21/2011 – Location: Moved to Dublin – Mood: Moody – Member is offline.
This is just excellent!
Ingenuity snaps Perseverance on Flight #3
EDIT: This is an unofficial version of the image
I’ll share the official / full resolution version as soon as it is released
It is very small, at the upper left corner.
And here’s the official image:
I believe we’ve all been waiting for this image since we found out there was a camera on the helicopter they were building years ago
If they get to a sufficient elevation on flight 4 or 5 we could get a version from about 60 meters which could be a big improvement on this snap, but if this is all we get it’ll do me just fine 🙂
NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover is visible in the upper left corner of this image the agency’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter took during its third flight, on April 25, 2021. The helicopter was flying at an altitude of 16 feet (5 meters) and roughly 279 feet (85 meters) from the rover at the time.
Annotated version: photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/figures/PIA24625_fig1_thumb.jpg
Zoom on the rover: photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/figures/PIA24625_fig2_thumb.jpg
Martian water accumulating on the legs of the Phoenix Mars Lander
Yes! I remember. All the lansers experienced this. It never got much official action, but independents like my friend Sir Charles Shults of Xenotech Research back then, (Shults Laboratories now), and a few others did a fab job of relieving that situation.
Conversation with JPL Helicopter Engineer on the engineering behind Ingenuity’s historic flight in Jezero Crater (WeMartians Podcast)
98 – Ingenuity Takes Flight (feat. Teddy Tzanetos)
NASA made history this week as it flew Ingenuity, the Mars Helicopter, for the first time. The small technology demonstrator is the first powered aircraft to fly on another planet. JPL engineer Teddy Tzanetos joins Jake to talk about how it works, how it came together, and what he hopes its success does for space exploration.
We talk Ingenuity the Mars Helicopter
Ingenuity’s third flight in real-time! NASA might’ve beaten me to it, but I still think this video built from the raw frames is sharper and more immersive.
For info on the process I use, check out the first flight post!
So this time, NASA released a real-time video way ahead of the frames appearing in the raw imagery collection. I’m not sure why that’d be the case.
I was tempted to not post this video, but personally I like this higher-contrast video better than the NASA-released version. I’m not sure whether theirs is post-processing or if the frames I use are, but it seems much sharper and clearer.
Thanks to everyone who’s left nice comments on these videos, I never expected they would gain so much traction.
Perseverance Rover’s Mastcam-Z Captures Ingenuity’s Third Flight
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Apr 25, 2021
NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter takes off and lands in this video captured on April 25, 2021, by Mastcam-Z, an imager aboard NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover. As expected, the helicopter flew out of its field of vision while completing a flight plan that took it 164 feet (50 meters) downrange of the landing spot. Keep watching, the helicopter will return to stick the landing. Top speed for today’s flight was about 2 meters per second, or about 4.5 miles-per-hour.
The Ingenuity Mars Helicopter was built by JPL, which also manages this technology demonstration project for NASA Headquarters. It is supported by NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate, and Space Technology Mission Directorate. NASA’s Ames Research Center and Langley Research Center provided significant flight performance analysis and technical assistance during Ingenuity’s development.
A key objective for Perseverance’s mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust). Subsequent NASA missions, in cooperation with ESA (European Space Agency), would send spacecraft to Mars to collect these sealed samples from the surface and return them to Earth for in-depth analysis. The Mars 2020 Perseverance mission is part of NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration approach, which includes Artemis missions to the Moon that will help prepare for human exploration of the Red Planet. JPL, which is managed for NASA by Caltech in Pasadena, California, built and manages operations of the Perseverance rover.
For more about Perseverance: -mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/ -nasa.gov/perseverance
Originally posted at What’s All This, Then? on June 4th, 2009.
Sticking with the lunar theme, here we have a crop from a moon photo, AS16-116-18603, taken by the crew of Apollo 16. The original, as released, can be found at a couple of places, though the Apollo Archive has the cleanest one. There are a couple of other pictures of this spot as well. Inspiration to do some personal exploration into these photos was provided by Keith Laney via his page on this image entitled Apollo Digs #2.
Above we see a crop of the main grouping of strange objects in this apparent junkpile on the surface. The astronauts, Commander John W. Young and Lunar Module Pilot Charles M. Duke Jr., made it a point to get a few shots of this scene and they took one of an intrepid explorer posing nicely alongside it, digging into the ground for samples. Apparent is what seems to be a pile of half-buried and lightly encrusted hardware; a slab sticking upright at a jaunty angle, a flared cylinder just beyond it, to its right a solid cylindrical shaft and a few smaller suspicious objects closer to the camera to boot… hmmm.
This image puts a serious stretch to the believability band regarding the remote possibility that these objects could have come to be eroded into these shapes… and all together like this… via a natural course of events.
The one right below is shaped very, very much like a support base, or perhaps a shelf extension to a desk, complete with a reinforcing bar and stand on its underside. Note the nicely radiused corner. Note that although sturdy it’s not that thick and said thickness is uniform. The support bar/stand assembly is pretty heavy duty, good for holding up something reasonably weighty. I wonder if they took this thing back with them. I certainly would have.
Below is item two in the series, just to the right of our slab above, a cylindrical shape of robust thickness and uniformity with a well defined lip and what looks like a circular depression at the center of the interior surface. What appear as gear-like teeth can be seen along the rim. A couple of small “rocks” in front of it are mighty gear-looking as well. Could this really be erosion, or pareidolia? How? Tell me!
The Astronauts were obviously most intrigued by these objects – and they were right there – up close and personal. And being deadly serious military men I imagine they truly didn’t have either the time or the inclination to mess about.
So, here they be. Make of them what you will…
NASA’s Cassini spacecraft captured this view of the Janus 2:1 spiral density wave in Saturn’s rings on June 4, 2017.
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute
That is spectacular. Seriously. Looks like window blinds. Or a record!
The farther out we go, the weirder it gets.
ETA: Is it me? It looks like it’s moving. A commenter said that as well. Weird.
I know you have probably already seen Curiosity at Mont Mercou before, but hopefully you haven’t seen it quite like this. Unlike many of the others Mont Mercou panorama’s I have seen, this one aims to use as many of the original images as possible.
I did this by stitching together 60 images from MAHLI (MArs Hand Lens Imager) in Microsoft ICE. The stereographic projection seemed to work best for this image given how much of the full 360 degrees the 60 images take up. After that, I brought it into Photoshop for some curves and color editing. I know the sky doesn’t quite look right, and that’s because it isn’t. I only started using Photoshop about two weeks ago and any tips about filling in Martian skies will be much appreciated. You will also notice that there are areas chopped off of the edge; that was intentional. The full panorama was even bigger than this and the edges were all relatively low resolution and curvy because of the distortion needed to create a flat image out of what is essentially a photosphere. Since cutting off enough of the image to create a perfect rectangle took off way too much information for my liking, and because the original version was too big and didn’t look that good anyway, I decided to go with this hybrid approach. I know almost all space pictures are perfectly rectangular, but I’m happy with the result. Feel free to let me know what you think about this design choice.
All images taken on Sol 3070
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS
Edit: I know that the title says Mt., it’s supposed to say Mont
It’s amazing how corroded and broken the two nearest wheels are . How did they get so busted?
The wheels are made of a very thin (0.75mm/0.030in) aluminum skin supported by thicker “grousers” (ribs). The grousers are the structural members which support the rover on the ground and provide tractive force. The skin is there to keep the rover from sinking in loose sand.
Those tears started showing up about 15 months into the mission, and the tl;dr of it is that it’s metal fatigue. If you bend a paper clip back and forth, it’ll eventually break from fatigue at the bend. The same thing happened to the skin of the wheels. As the wheels rotated around loading and unloading, it flexed the metal causing fatigue on the skin until it eventually broke.
The result of those tears is that Curiosity isn’t as capable on loose sand as it was designed to be.
Perseverance’s wheels are designed more robustly as a result of this. The skin is almost a millimeter thicker, the chevron shaped grousers were replaced with gently curved ones, and there are 48 of them instead of 24.
This is the first color image of the Martian surface taken by an aerial vehicle while it was aloft. The Ingenuity Mars Helicopter captured it with its color camera during its second successful flight test on April 22, 2021. At the time this image, Ingenuity was 17 feet (5.2 meters) above the surface and pitching (moving the camera’s field of view upward) so the helicopter could begin its 7-foot (2-meter) translation to the west – away from the rover. The image, as well as the inset showing a closeup of a portion of the tracks the Perseverance Mars rover and Mars surface features, demonstrates the utility of scouting Martian terrain from an aerial perspective.
The winding parallel discolorations in the surface reveal the tread of the six-wheeled rover. Perseverance itself is located top center, just out frame. “Wright Brothers Field” is in the vicinity of the helicopter’s shadow, bottom center, with the actual point of takeoff of the helicopter just below the image. A portion of the landing pads on two of the helicopter’s four landing legs can be seen in on the left and right sides of the image, and a small portion of the horizon can be seen at the upper right and left corners.
Mounted in the helicopter’s fuselage and pointed approximately 22 degree below the horizon, Ingenuity’s high-resolution color camera contains a 4208-by-3120-pixel sensor.
The Ingenuity Mars Helicopter was built by JPL, which also manages this technology demonstration project for NASA Headquarters. It is supported by NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate, and Space Technology Mission Directorate. NASA’s Ames Research Center and Langley Research Center provided significant flight performance analysis and technical assistance during Ingenuity’s development. AeroVironment Inc., Qualcomm, Snapdragon, and SolAero also provided design assistance and major vehicle components. The Mars Helicopter Delivery System was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Space Systems, Denver.
OH, YAY, BRAVO!!!
ETA: Hey, here’s the altimeter graph from the first flight:
Ingenuity Helicopter Takes off and Lands safely – First Flight Successful
Apr 19, 2021
NASA released images of Ingenuity Helicopter’s first flight. The even took place as scheduled and it was successful. Ingenuity spun at 2500 RPM and took off successfully and landed on the same place safely. The first flight even was successful. More images inside – Image Credit – NASA / JPL CALTECH Image Source – mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/multim… mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/multim…
First Flight of the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter: Live from Mission Control
Streamed live 6 hours ago
#MarsHelicopter is set to make history. It will make the first attempt at powered flight on another planet on Monday, April 19. Don’t miss your chance to watch live with helicopter team in mission control beginning at 6:15 a.m. EDT (10:15 a.m. UTC) as they receive the data and find out if they were successful.
Sol 53: Tight view on rocks immediately in front of Perseverance
This mosaic consists of 10 images taken earlier today by the left Mastcam-Z camera and focuses on a few of the rocks immediately in front of Perseverance in the area accessible to its robotic arm. The amount of detail visible in the rocks is pretty amazing to look at! For context, check out yesterday’s mosaic image showing the wider area in front of the rover:
As a bonus, see if you can find the area of this SuperCam image taken a few hours beforehand! Full disclosure, I have not found it nor do I have any idea if it the area of this image actually appears in the mosaic:
Mars Perseverance Sol 53: Left Mastcam-Z Camera
NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover acquired this image mosaic using its Left Mastcam-Z camera. Mastcam-Z is a pair of cameras located high on the rover’s mast.
This image mosaic was acquired on Apr. 14, 2021 (Sol 53) around the local mean solar time of 14:00.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU
Mars Perseverance Sol 52:
Left Navigation Camera (Navcam) NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover acquired this image using its onboard Left Navigation Camera (Navcam). The camera is located high on the rover’s mast and aids in driving. This image was acquired on Apr. 13, 2021 (Sol 52) at the local mean solar time of 13:13:31
Mars Perseverance Sol 52: Left Navigation Camera (Navcam)
Credit to ‘MahFL’ over on UMSF who spotted and reported this candidate dust devil.
NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover acquired this image using its onboard Left Navigation Camera (Navcam).
The camera is located high on the rover’s mast and aids in driving.
This image was acquired on Apr. 13, 2021 (Sol 52) at the local mean solar time of 14:35:33.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Ingenuity SOL 52 Updates – Flight delayed further – Perseverance Spots Dust Devil near Airfield
Apr 13, 2021
NASA has release new images for SOL 52, April 13th 2021. The Ingenuity team has further delayed the flight to a future unknown date as Ingenuity needs a crucial software update and installation. The Team is confident of the achieving the key milestones and the helicopter is still safe and healthy. Meanwhile Perseverance Spots a Dust Devil near the Airfield, will it be a concern for the small ingenuity waiting during its wait for the installation ? Meanwhile perseverance continued with its scientific experiments using its robotic arm.
Image credits – NASA / JPL / CALTECH
Image Source – mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/multim…
“Our best estimate of a targeted flight date is fluid right now, but we are working toward achieving these milestones and will set a flight date next week.”
The Ingenuity team has identified a software solution for the command sequence issue identified on Sol 49 (April 9) during a planned high-speed spin-up test of the helicopter’s rotors. Over the weekend, the team considered and tested multiple potential solutions to this issue, concluding that minor modification and reinstallation of Ingenuity’s flight control software is the most robust path forward. This software update will modify the process by which the two flight controllers boot up, allowing the hardware and software to safely transition to the flight state. Modifications to the flight software are being independently reviewed and validated today and tomorrow in testbeds at JPL.
While the development of the new software change is straightforward, the process of validating it and completing its uplink to Ingenuity will take some time. A detailed timeline for rescheduling the high-speed spin-up test and first flight is still in process. The process of updating Ingenuity’s flight control software will follow established processes for validation with careful and deliberate steps to move the new software through the rover to the base station and then to the helicopter. Intermediate milestones include:
• Diagnose the issue and develop potential solutions
• Develop/validate and upload software
• Load flight software onto flight controllers
• Boot Ingenuity on new flight software
Once we have passed these milestones, we will prepare Ingenuity for its first flight, which will take several sols, or Mars days. Our best estimate of a targeted flight date is fluid right now, but we are working toward achieving these milestones and will set a flight date next week. We are confident in the team’s ability to work through this challenge and prepare for Ingenuity’s historic first controlled powered flight on another planet.
Ingenuity continues to be healthy on the surface on Mars. Critical functions such as power, communications, and thermal control are stable. It is not unexpected for a technology demonstration like this to encounter challenges that need to be worked in real time. The high-risk, high-reward approach we have taken to the first powered, controlled flight on another planet allows us to push the performance envelope in ways we could not with a mission designed to last for years such as Perseverance. In the meantime, while the Ingenuity team does its work, Perseverance will continue to do science with its suite of instruments and is gearing up for a test of the MOXIE technology demonstration.
Ginny flies on April 12 at 7:30 a.m. UTC (3:30 a.m. EDT)
Ingenuity Spins its blade for the first time | Perseverance moves away from Ingenuity | SOL 47, April 8th’ 2021
Ingenuity Spins its blade for the first time | Perseverance moves away from Ingenuity | SOL 47
Apr 8, 2021
NASA released new interesting images of Ingenuity Helicopter. Ingenuity has spun its blade for the first time as a testing formality. Perseverance moves away from Ingenuity as planned as a safety measure. The count down begins for the historical first flight on martian soil. Image Credits – NASA /JPL-CALTECH https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/multim…
Percy has driven away from Ginny [sol 47]
Looks like the drive took Perseverance to the Southeast, but at this stage I do not think it reached the full distance to the ‘look out point’…
More details will be added as I get the drive details which have not been issued yet by JPL
Raw image, hence the green hue…
Keep Calm, I’ll Be Watching Over You Little Buddy
A roughly processed version of the Sol 46 Selfie, there will be many different versions in the coming days… 🙂
Edit, I forgot to add the credit line: Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
I thought this was a rendering at first glance, brilliant photo!
59 frames + 2 looking at the camera so images processors had a choice which pose to use, but I felt this one worked for me, I cropped away over 10 frames as they were distorted by correcting the horizon, but I think it gets the story across
Rafael Navarro Mountain [See comments for details]
Rafael Navarro Mountain
NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover used its Mastcam to take an image of this hill, nicknamed “Rafael Navarro Mountain” after Rafael Navarro-González, an astrobiologist who worked on the mission until he passed away January 26, 2021. He was a member of the team working with Curiosity’s Sample Analysis at Mars, or SAM, instrument.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/ PIA24544
Curiosity performs check-up on wheels with MAHLI (Mars Hand Lens Imager)
Over the weekend while everyone was distracted by the excited news from Curiosity’s younger siblings (myself included!), Curiosity performed a fairly extensive check-up on 4 of its 6 wheels using the MAHLI instrument. Each of the 4 wheels were photographed 4 times, each time rolling the wheel a bit to image the entire wheel. 2 of the wheels photographed have extensive damage while the other two only have dents and a few small punctures.
You can view all 16 images at the raw image site, filtered for MAHLI images taken on Sol 3079 or if you prefer in an imgur gallery here.
Sol 3079: Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI)
This image was taken by MAHLI onboard NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity on Sol 3079 (2021-04-04T18:45:28.000Z)
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS
Making it through the frigid Martian temperatures after being deployed by NASA’s Perseverance rover is a major milestone for the small rotorcraft.
NASA’s Mars Helicopter Survives First Cold Martian Night on Its Own
NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter has emerged from its first night on the surface of Mars.
Evening temperatures at Jezero Crater can plunge as low as minus 130 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 90 degrees Celsius), which can freeze and crack unprotected electrical components and damage the onboard batteries required for flight. Surviving that first night after being deployed from where it was attached to the belly of NASA’s Perseverance rover on April 3 is a major milestone for the 4-pound (1.8 kilograms) rotorcraft. In the days to come, Ingenuity will be the first aircraft to attempt powered, controlled flight on another planet.
“This is the first time that Ingenuity has been on its own on the surface of Mars,” said MiMi Aung, Ingenuity project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California. “But we now have confirmation that we have the right insulation, the right heaters, and enough energy in its battery to survive the cold night, which is a big win for the team. We’re excited to continue to prepare Ingenuity for its first flight test.”
Devising a craft small enough to fit onto the rover, light enough to fly in Mars’ thin atmosphere, yet hardy enough to withstand the Martian cold presented significant challenges. To ensure the solar array atop the helicopter’s rotors could begin getting sunlight as soon as possible, Perseverance was instructed to move away from Ingenuity shortly after deploying it.
[…] Read the rest!
Sol 44: The rover has turned in place and imaged the helicopter with it mast mounted Navcam.
Right Navigation Camera (cropped)
Perseverance rover acquired this image using its onboard Right Navigation Camera (Navcam).
The camera is located high on the rover’s mast and aids in driving.
This image was acquired on Apr. 5, 2021 (Sol 44) at the local mean solar time of 14:02:08.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech