science

 

Bravo to you, Mrs. Hawking! Bless you from the whole world.

This Was Stephen Hawking’s Last Words To The World

Unexplained Mysteries
Published on May 22, 2019

This was Stephen Hawking’s last words to the world. We take a look at one of Stephen Hawking’s last message to the world. Over the years there have been hundreds of predictions made and some of these have come true. Many different people from across the world make predictions about the future of humankind in an attempt to better understand and combat changing industries, personal obstacles, and events that may spell out doom for the rest of us. These predictions could come from self proclaimed psychics, emerging technologies in artificial intelligence, investors looking to predict future decisions and impacts on the economy or government research to provide intelligence relative to policy impact and decision making.

One individual that did make some interesting predictions was professor Stephen Hawking.

Thank you for watching!

Thank you to CO.AG for the background music!

This man is a hero and not just to me. Our generation’s Einstein. Such a spectacularly tuned mind. We had best heed his thoughts. Seriously.

 

 

Mars 2020 pass

I am quite proud to have my name on this one, not least because it has microphones! Well, at least one, hopefully two because stereo.

My name’s etched into previous craft, too, but this one is equipped to find critters. And hear them. But hey, just the wind’d be good, eh.

The rover is scheduled to launch as early as July 2020, with the spacecraft expected to touch down on Mars in February 2021.

Go NASA!

Get your name up there, eh… mars.nasa.gov/participate/send-your-name/mars2020/

 

 

What Huygens Saw On Titan – New Image Processing

VideoFromSpace
Published on Jan 14, 2015

For the probe landing’s 10th anniversary, a new sequence has been rendered from Huygens’ Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer (DISR) data. The craft landed on Saturn’s largest moon on 14 Jan 2005. — Landing Animation: http://goo.gl/6t6XuA

Credit: Erich Karkoschka, DISR team, University of Arizona

Good stuff.

 

 

5 Amazon Jungle Discoveries That Cannot Be Explained

Unexplained Mysteries
Published on May 13, 2019

5 amazon jungle discoveries that cannot be explained. In this video we take a look at these amazon jungle discoveries that cannot be explained.

One of the least explored places in the world is that of the dense vegetation of the amazon rainforest and the overgrowing jungle that has swallowed ancient relics, uncontacted tribes and a number of strange artifacts.

This only helps to spread mystery and wonder as researchers venturing out into the greenery have made startling discoveries that have become impossible for conventional means to explain. So today, here at unexplained mysteries, we will be going over 5 different amazon jungle discoveries that cannot be explained even by the most dedicated researchers from around the world.

Thank you for watching!

Thank you to CO.AG for the background music!

There have been tons more civilization artifacts found than just those rings… gosh, whole cities and roads between them and spreading all across the whole forest… and they haven’t even finished covering all of it yet. The theory presented of how the tribes got to be there I thought was excellent.

Dig it.

 

 

colorado river toad

Smoking Psychedelic Toad Milk Could Alleviate Depression For Up To 4 Weeks

Posted on 2019/04/30
By Mandy Froelich / Truth Theory

If you’ve tried holistic and allopathic treatments to remedy your depression, but still feel as if you’re at the end of your rope… psychedelic toad milk could be the answer. According to a new study published in the journal Psychopharmacology, smoking the milky, psychoactive secretion of the Colorado River toad, or Bufo alvarius, could provide a fast-acting and extremely potent alternative for managing depression.

As IFLScience reports, the North American toad excretes a whiteish substance that contains a compound called 5-MeO-DMT, or DMT. The component is also found in the mild-altering psychedelic brew ayahuasca. Researchers found that when the “toad milk” is dried and smoked, a short yet mind-blowing psychedelic experience takes place. As the ego dissolves, one supposably receives (or remembers?) mystical insights. It is for this reason the toad gunge is being used at alternative healing retreats by underground therapists as a means of resolving psychological and emotional disorders.

The researchers wanted to determine the efficacy of toad milk, so they conducted a series of psychiatric tests to examine the impact of smoking the secretion on 42 participants. The authors determined that the average depression ratings decreased by 18 percent within one day of inhaling the substance. Furthermore, anxiety was reduced by 39 percent and stress by 27 percent.

Four weeks after the initial trial, the team conducted a follow-up analysis. They found that depression ratings had declined 68 percent below baseline levels. Meanwhile, anxiety and stress dropped 56 and 48 percent respectively.

The researchers hypothesize that the anti-depressant effect is caused by an increase in neurogenesis, based on previous findings that 5-MeO-DMT can stimulate neuronal growth and development. “Alternatively, they say that the compound may help to alleviate neuropsychiatric diseases by binding to sigma-1 receptors in the brain, which then has a regulatory effect on inflammation,” reports IFLScience.

Despite the encouraging finding, the authors are hesitant to share their work. The primary concern is that the toad may be exploited through the black market. However, synthetic 5-MeO-DMT should be easy to synthesize in a lab. In fact, a study by John Hopkins University researchers found that 80 percent of people who used the synthetic version reported a reduction in both depression and anxiety.

What are your thoughts? Please comment below and share this news!

Image credit: 123Rf

I have always wanted to try ayahuasca, but since it’s good, the governments made it illegal. I’m pretty sure they’ll make this illegal, too, eventually. I need to find out where those underground retreats are!

Let us pray.

 

 

Octo Pi are the coolest.

In fact, many scientists suspect an off-Earth origin. =O

be well

 

 

A mosquito’s foot

A mosquito’s foot at 800X magnification. Photo: Steve Gschmeissner.

Mosquito foot, Steve Gschmeissner

Rather strange and quite complex!

 

 

great lakes

NASA Verified account @NASA 3:28 PM – 6 Apr 2019

Seasonal changes are stirring in the water as spring thaw is underway in the Great Lakes region of North America. Take a closer look at this view from one of our @NASAEarth satellites: go.nasa.gov/2UmGKSe

Nifty keen! Earth looks so cool from up there.

 

 

real black hole

Black Hole Image Makes History

Scientists have obtained the first image of a black hole, using Event Horizon Telescope observations of the center of the galaxy M87. The image shows a bright ring formed as light bends in the intense gravity around a black hole that is 6.5 billion times more massive than the Sun. Credit: Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration
› Larger view

jpl

A black hole and its shadow have been captured in an image for the first time, a historic feat by an international network of radio telescopes called the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). EHT is an international collaboration whose support in the U.S. includes the National Science Foundation.

A black hole is an extremely dense object from which no light can escape. Anything that comes within a black hole’s “event horizon,” its point of no return, will be consumed, never to re-emerge, because of the black hole’s unimaginably strong gravity. By its very nature, a black hole cannot be seen, but the hot disk of material that encircles it shines bright. Against a bright backdrop, such as this disk, a black hole appears to cast a shadow.

The stunning new image shows the shadow of the supermassive black hole in the center of Messier 87 (M87), an elliptical galaxy some 55 million light-years from Earth. This black hole is 6.5 billion times the mass of the Sun. Catching its shadow involved eight ground-based radio telescopes around the globe, operating together as if they were one telescope the size of our entire planet.

“This is an amazing accomplishment by the EHT team,” said Paul Hertz, director of the astrophysics division at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “Years ago, we thought we would have to build a very large space telescope to image a black hole. By getting radio telescopes around the world to work in concert like one instrument, the EHT team achieved this, decades ahead of time.”

To complement the EHT findings, several NASA spacecraft were part of a large effort, coordinated by the EHT’s Multiwavelength Working Group, to observe the black hole using different wavelengths of light. As part of this effort, NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory space telescope missions, all attuned to different varieties of X-ray light, turned their gaze to the M87 black hole around the same time as the Event Horizon Telescope in April 2017. If EHT observed changes in the structure of the black hole’s environment, data from these missions and other telescopes could be used to help figure out what was going on.

While NASA observations did not directly trace out the historic image, astronomers used data from NASA’s Chandra and NuSTAR satellites to measure the X-ray brightness of M87’s jet. Scientists used this information to compare their models of the jet and disk around the black hole with the EHT observations. Other insights may come as researchers continue to pore over these data.

There are many remaining questions about black holes that the coordinated NASA observations may help answer. Mysteries linger about why particles get such a huge energy boost around black holes, forming dramatic jets that surge away from the poles of black holes at nearly the speed of light. When material falls into the black hole, where does the energy go?

“X-rays help us connect what’s happening to the particles near the event horizon with what we can measure with our telescopes,” said Joey Neilsen, an astronomer at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, who led the Chandra and NuSTAR analysis on behalf of the EHT’s Multiwavelength Working Group.

NASA space telescopes have previously studied a jet extending more than 1,000 light-years away from the center of M87. The jet is made of particles traveling near the speed of light, shooting out at high energies from close to the event horizon. The EHT was designed in part to study the origin of this jet and others like it. A blob of matter in the jet called HST-1, discovered by Hubble astronomers in 1999, has undergone a mysterious cycle of brightening and dimming.

Chandra, NuSTAR and Swift, as well as NASA’s Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) experiment on the International Space Station, also looked at the black hole at the center of our own Milky Way galaxy, called Sagittarius A*, in coordination with EHT.

Getting so many different telescopes on the ground and in space to all look toward the same celestial object is a huge undertaking in and of itself, scientists emphasize.

“Scheduling all of these coordinated observations was a really hard problem for both the EHT and the Chandra and NuSTAR mission planners,” Neilsen said. “They did really incredible work to get us the data that we have, and we’re exceedingly grateful.”

Neilsen and colleagues who were part of the coordinated observations will be working on dissecting the entire spectrum of light coming from the M87 black hole, all the way from low-energy radio waves to high-energy gamma rays. With so much data from EHT and other telescopes, scientists may have years of discoveries ahead.

News Media Contact

Elizabeth Landau
NASA Headquarters, Washington
818-359-3241
[email protected]

2019-062

WoW!!! Bravo!!!

 

 

smart people

NASA Before PowerPoint In 1961. Credit: NASA

Via Space Explorer Mike @MichaelGalanin

These are called smart people. Not many of them around these days.

 

 

full metal

FULL METAL ASTEROID  Long ago, molten iron could have erupted from the metal asteroid Psyche (illustrated in cross section) in a process dubbed ferrovolcanism, new studies suggest.

Metal asteroids may have once had iron-spewing volcanoes

An upcoming NASA mission could look for signs of past ‘ferrovolcanism’ on asteroid Psyche

by Lisa Grossman 1:23PM, April 3, 2019

Imagine a metal asteroid spewing molten iron, and you’ve got the gist of ferrovolcanism — a new type of planetary activity proposed recently by two research teams.

When NASA launches a probe to a metal asteroid called Psyche in 2022, planetary scientists will be able to search for signs of such volcanic activity in the object’s past. The new research “is the first time anyone has worked out what volcanism is likely to look like on these asteroids,” says planetary scientist Jacob Abrahams of the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Metal asteroids are thought to be the exposed iron-rich cores of planetesimals that suffered a catastrophic collision as the solar system was developing, before they could grow into full-sized planets. The naked core would have been exposed to cold space while still molten. And it would have cooled and solidified from the outside in, forming a solid iron crust that would be denser than the underlying molten iron, say Abrahams and planetary scientist Francis Nimmo, also of the University of California, Santa Cruz.

That kind of density mismatch is… Read the rest!

Whoa, just think… volcanoes… and nothin’ but volcanoes!

 

 

The History of Speculative Zoology – Part 3

Ben G Thomas
Published on Apr 7, 2019

In this third part we look at even more speculative projects such as All Tomorrows, The Speculative Dinosaur Project, Serina, and more.

Check out C.M. Kosemen’s channel here.
For even more spec projects that I haven’t mentioned: sivatherium.narod.ru/specbiol/…

Join our Discord server: discord.gg/3KgpG8J Subscribe to our subreddit: www.reddit.com/r/BenGThomas

Music by Matt D Holloway

Subscribe to explore the wonderful life around you! Social Media: ►Twitter: /BenGThomas42 ►Facebook: /bengthomas42/ ►Instagram: bit.ly/1PIEagv ►Google+: bit.ly/1ObHejE

Sources: tetzoo.com/podcast/ (Tetrapod Zoology Podcast Episode 69: The SpecZoo Podcats) speculativeevolution.wikia.com… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specula… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… speculativeevolution.fandom.c… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Tom… www.sivatherium.narod.ru/libra… sites.google.com/site/worldof… speculativeevolution.fandom.c… speculativebiology.fandom.com… www.sivatherium.narod.ru/englv… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lan…) scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzool… sivatherium.narod.ru/specbiol/… www.deviantart.com/hyrotriosk… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinotopia www.dinotopia.com/ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distant… speculativebiology.fandom.com…) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Las…) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Fut…) blogs.scientificamerican.com/… www.northstargames.com/produc…

Ben finishes off the SpecZoo project with another great piece. So glad I’ve found his channel. He does it right. No woo.

Be sure to watch Part 1 and Part 2.

be well

 

 

The History of Speculative Zoology – Part 2

Ben G Thomas
Published on Mar 31, 2019

In this second part we look at more speculative projects such as The New Dinosaurs, Man After Man, The Future is Wild, Primeval, and more.

After Man Clips: www.youtube.com/user/manafter…  After Man Animated Intro: www.nicovideo.jp/watch/sm1711…

Join our Discord server: discord.gg/3KgpG8J Subscribe to our subreddit: www.reddit.com/r/BenGThomas

Music by Matt D Holloway: goo.gl/9wX4ht

Subscribe to explore the wonderful life around you!
Social Media:
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Sources: <tetzoo.com/podcast/ (Tetrapod Zoology Podcast Episode 69: The SpecZoo Podcats) speculativeevolution.wikia.com… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specula… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… speculativeevolution.wikia.com… speculativeevolution.wikia.com… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Future_… <speculativeevolution.fandom.c… speculativeevolution.fandom.c… /www.amazon.co.uk/World-Kong-N… <www.studio.cgartist.com/projec…

Just as I suspected it would be… Part 2 is just as fine a piece as Part 1! And now the final Part 3!

 

 

ryugu

 

ryugu

 

ryugu

 

ryugu

 

posted on Sep, 28 2018 @ 01:33 AM
Hayabusa 2 rovers send new images from Ryugu surface
www.bbc.com…


The photos reveal new details of the surface of the space rock, which is known as Ryugu.

On 21 September, the rovers were released on to the surface by the “mothership”, Hayabusa 2.

Hayabusa 2 reached Ryugu in June after a three-and-a-half-year journey.

The pictures show in clear relief the rugged, boulder-strewn landscape of this striking Solar System body.

The robots, known as Rover 1A and Rover 1B, are now both confirmed to be working on the surface of the space rock.

The 1kg autonomous rovers move about by hopping, using the asteroid’s low gravity. Each one contains a motor-powered internal mass that rotates to generate force, propelling the robot across the surface.

Some more pictures from the source:


Rover 1B also sent back the first video footage from the surface of an asteroid.

although it won’t play on this news source….

Here is the .gif of the captures…plus other pictures of the surface > HAYABUSA2 TWITTER FEED

As Hayabusa2 descended towards Ryugu to deploy the MINERVA-II1 rovers, the ONC-T camera snapped the highest resolution image yet of the asteroid surface!

www.hayabusa2.jaxa.jp…

 

MINERVA-II1 rovers send images from asteroid Ryugu

SciNews
Published on Sep 27, 2018

JAXA’s Asteroid Explorer “Hayabusa2” deployed the MINERVA-II1 rovers to explore the surface of asteroid Ryugu on 21 September 2018. The MINERVA-II1 consists of two rovers, Rover-1A and Rover-1B, both landed on the surface of asteroid Ryugu and sent back images and a short movie. Credit : JAXA, University of Tokyo, Kochi University, Rikkyo University, Nagoya University, Chiba Institute of Technology, Meiji University, Aizu University, AIST

I have posted about this before, but it is always good to revisit things with a high coolness factor.

Dig it.

 

 

CARL SAGAN – A Way of Thinking

Inspiration Journey
Published on Jul 16, 2014

Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/theinspirati…

“Science is more than a body of knowledge, it’s a way of thinking.” Carl Sagan

Music: Michael Nyman – Second Morrow, The Other Side & The Arrival

Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. All copyrighted materials contained herein belong to their respective copyright holders, I do not claim ownership over any of these materials. I realize no profit, monetary or otherwise, from the exhibition of these videos.

Caption author (Vietnamese) Nguyen Tran Nhat Duc
Caption author (Arabic) Hadi Abedah
Caption author (French) Ludovic Benistant
Caption author (Finnish) Vesa Putkonen
Caption author (Italian) daniele pibiri
Caption author (English) Tigo Passchier

My Hero.

A wise man. A giant among men.

be well

 

 

THE UTO UFO CASE GETS EVEN WEIRDER

brian hanley
Published on Mar 22, 2019

UFO Footage: www.youtube.com/watch?v=cE-Yr…

RAW FOOTAGE: www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVmGh…

Music: Deep Space by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/…) Artist: audionautix.com/

Looks pretty good to me…

be well

 

 

I have blatantly stolen this post from Karl 12 and ATS in the interests of giving some base reference material to the newest UFOlogists. I know they’re real, I’ve seen a dozen or more.

Thread by karl 12, Writer-Fighter-Scholar
Registered: 10/20/2006  Location:  Mood:  Member is offline.
posted on Mar, 22 2010 @ 01:02 PM
Direct link to this post

“The Air Force had put out a secret order for its pilots to capture UFOs. For the last six months we have been working with a congressional committee investigating official secrecy concerning proof that UFOs are real machines under intelligent…..”

Major Donald Keyhoe, during a live TV broadcast on CBS in 1958 in which he was pulled from the air when he began to deviate from the prepared format of the programme.

Major Donald Keyhoe’s archives have now been made available free on line – for those who don’t know of him he was a very important chap in the history of UFO research and co-founder of the NICAP organisation in 1956.

The archives cover a great deal of topics involved with the UFO subject such as historical and global reports, government documents, scientific papers, police encounters, newspaper articles etc.. as well as coverage of specific UFO incidents and press conferences from the Pentagon and U.N.

They also contain some very interesting interviews and comments from such people as Dr James E. Mcdonald, Hermann Oberth, Jan Aldrich, Francis Ridge, Ted Bloecher, Wendy Connors, Barry Greenwood etc.. and observations about government sponsered UFO panels like the Condon committee and Robertson Panel.

Archives:
keyhoe

“The Keyhoe Archives includes significant UFO research material from Major Donald Keyhoe, Richard Hall, the Fund for UFO Research, Isabel Davis, Ted Bloecher, Dr. James McDonald, Marshall Cleaver..

Journal of UFO History – A Publication of the Donald E. Keyhoe Archives

Bio:

Donald Keyhoe graduated from the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD, in 1920, with a BS degree and a commission as a second lieutenant in the USMC. Keyhoe became a Naval aviator, piloting both balloons and airplanes in the period between the World Wars. After a flying accident in Guam he was medically retired from the military. During World War II he was recalled to active duty with the rank of major in the USMC.

When the first “flying saucer” sightings were reported in June,1947, Keyhoe, an experienced pilot, was skeptical. True asked him to investigate UFOs in 1949. He interviewed numerous pilots as well as military officers in the Pentagon. Keyhoe discovered that expert observers had seen the unexplained discs, many at close range. His article “Flying Saucers Are Real” in the January,1950 issue of True became one of the most widely read and discussed articles in publishing history, and caused a sensation. In January, 1950, the article was expanded into a paperback book. In 1957, Keyhoe became Director of the newly formed National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) in Washington, DC. Under Keyhoe’s leadership NICAP gave serious publicity to the UFO phenomena throughout the 1960s and encouraged subsequent Congressional hearings.

Link

Related Links:

Extended Biography – books and articles.

Major Keyhoe gets cut off air – USAF Censorship of TV broadcast?

Major Keyhoe – sound-clip audio collection.

Many thanks to Karl 12 for this. Enjoy the riches, eh?

 

 

The History of Speculative Zoology – Part 1

Ben G Thomas
Published on Mar 10, 2019

Speculative Zoology is a very fun topic to talk about. It also has a pretty long history going back more than 100 years, so we’re going to take a look at some of these past projects.

Join our Discord server: discord.gg/3KgpG8J Subscribe to our subreddit: www.reddit.com/r/BenGThomas

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Sources: tetzoo.com/podcast/ (Tetrapod Zoology Podcast Episode 69: The SpecZoo Podcats) speculativeevolution.wikia.com… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specula… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… speculativeevolution.wikia.com… blogs.scientificamerican.com/… tetzoo.com/blog/2018/9/16/the-… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pellucidar en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Last_an… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinogr… profjoecain.net/rhinogradentia/ www.sivatherium.narod.ru/libra…

I remember when the Dinosauroid was introduced to the unsuspecting world. I loved it! Another great BGT vid! Dig it.

Hey, Part 2 is out! And Part 3!

be well

 

 

4 Real-Life Modern Sightings That Prove Living Dinosaurs Still Exist

Dark Matter
Published on Aug 17, 2017

Around 65 million years ago, all Dinosaurs, and most of the co-surviving lifeforms supposedly went extinct. But according to certain witnesses, a few managed to survive. So, from the Raptors of the US, to the T-Rex of Australia, Join us…

If you enjoyed this video don’t forget to like, share and subscribe…
/www.youtube.com/watch?v=CblyQ…

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Music Used: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b73t9…

Thank you very much for watching, until next time…

I didn’t have much hope for this one because it has “prove” in the title. It’s not proof, of course, but it is very well done and the cases are well presented. I’m familiar with all but a precious few of the mentions. As for myself, I am definitely on board with all of these, especially the ones in the United States. Including the spiders… people relentlessly tell me of the allegedly natural limitation on their internal airways. I counter with the information that Mother Nature has little concern for the ideas of man.

be well

 

 

venera 13

This fantastic and uber-iconic image was taken on March 1st, 1982, by the Soviet spacecraft Venera 13. Venera had just landed on Venus and taken the first color images from the surface before it melted into a puddle shortly thereafter. Communist technology! Impressive that it lasted as long as it did.

 

 

The control panel

Space Explorer Mike @MichaelGalanin

The control panel that got us to the Moon!

Now that’s a thing o’ beauty, Cap’n!

The power of American engineering and know-how.

“There is no such thing as an unsolvable problem.” – Sergei Korolev, the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer

“The Earth is the cradle of humanity, but mankind cannot stay in the cradle forever.” — Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

be well

 

 

“The nitrogen in our DNA, the calcium in our teeth, the iron in our blood, the carbon in our apple pies were made in the interiors of collapsing stars. We are made of starstuff.”

― Carl Sagan, Cosmos

Beautiful, isn’t it?

 

 

Matheronodon provincialis

You Retweeted

Studio 252MYA @studio252mya 10:09 AM – 28 Feb 2019

Matheronodon provincialis by @JoschuaKnuppe Giant ­“duckbill” dinosaurs had hundreds of small teeth packed together like a grinding stone. But their relatives—rhabdodontids like Matheronodon—had a few oversized chisel-like teeth. 252mya.com/joschua-knueppe?utm_source=twitter

Isn’t this a neat little creature?

be well

 

 

Naturally this locked onto my Fortean eye… and it is rather indeed rather interesting! On tumblr, captain-price-official reblogged carnival-phantasm, who had posted this from allthebrazilianpolitics.

Mystery surrounds humpback whale found dead in depths of Brazil’s Amazon jungle

Wildlife experts only found huge mammal after following birds of prey scavenging on carcass

whale

Brazilian wildlife experts have been left baffled after discovering a dead humpback whale in the Amazon rainforest.

The 10-ton mammal was found in the jungle undergrowth on the island of Marajo, which sits at the mouth of the Amazon River.

Although scientists presume the enormous creature was hurled onshore during a storm, they do not understand how it came so far inland or why it was swimming off the coast in the first place.

Officials from Para state’s health, sanitation and environment department said they only found the 11m-long whale after following the birds of prey which were scavenging on its huge carcass.

The remains were deposited in such a remote part of the mangrove swamp in the Amazonian delta that it took two trips for the wildlife experts to reach the site.

Marine specialists from the Bicho D’agua Institute, a conservation group based on Marajo, are part of the team examining the whale, which is thought to have died several days before it was found.

Continue reading.

carnival-phantasm

That’s just how it be in Brazil

Source: independent.co.uk

Fan-freakin-tastic!

ETA: Further digs reveal that the dearly departed was just 50 feet off the beach! So much for mystery.

 

 

A few years ago, geologist Abderrazak El Albani and his team at the Institut de chimie des milieux et matériaux de Poitiers (CNRS/Université de Poitiers) discovered the oldest existing fossils of multicellular organisms in a deposit in Gabon. Located in the Franceville Basin, the deposit allowed scientists to re-date the appearance of multicellular life on Earth to 2.1 billion years—approximately 1.5 billion years earlier than previously thought (600 million). At the time, the researchers showed that this rich biodiversity co-occurred with a peak in dioxygenation of the atmosphere, and developed in a calm and shallow marine environment.

In this same geological deposit, the team has now uncovered the existence of fossilised traces of motility. This shows that certain multicellular organisms in this primitive marine ecosystem were sophisticated enough to move through its mud, rich in organic matter.

phys.org…

Via

This news is such sweet music to my ears.  The more ancient things are, the more I like them. This discovery… that there was a critter with legs that long ago fits in so well with my thoughts on the way things were. And in a way my thoughts on certain things in the here and now.

Delicious…!

 

 

Proceratosaurus

@serpenillus
15.02.2019 – 4 days ago

Proceratosaurus rests, sitting on the floor of a forest clearing. Proceratosaurus was an early Tyrannosauroid (early relative of T. rex) from Middle Jurassic England. Proceratosaurus is related to other early, fluffy tyrannosauroids like Guanlong, they are all in the family proceratosauridae. This is a WIP far from being finished. One of the things that I want to achieve is to add more areas of translucency in the crest, that allow some filtered sunlight to pass through.

Terrific talent, eh what?!

 

 

marstruecolor

Space Explorer Mike Retweeted

Space Explorer Mike @MichaelGalanin Feb 15

Mars in true color shot by Curiosity

True color is good color.

 

 

LastImagebyOppy

Space Explorer Mike @MichaelGalanin

The very last image transmitted by Opportunity Mars Rover, on Sol 5111. Credit: NASA

My God! It’s full of stars!

Such a sad thing.

 

 

This is pretty cool, actually. So linear are those modulations, ooh!

 

 

<img class=”aligncenter size-full wp-image-147335″ src=”/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/tumblr_phmmyq39ra1umgyvho1_500.gif” alt=”wiggly” width: 100%;” />

 

 

sweet

 

sweet

A Black Hole is an extraordinarily massive, improbably dense knot of spacetime that makes a living swallowing or slinging away any morsel of energy that strays too close to its dark, twisted core. Anyone fortunate (or unfortunate) enough to directly observe one of these beasts in the wild would immediately notice the way its colossal gravitational field warps all of the light from the stars and galaxies behind it, a phenomenon known as gravitational lensing.

Thanks to the power of supercomputers, a curious observer no longer has to venture into outer space to see such a sight. A team of astronomers has released their first simulated images of the lensing effects of not just one, but two black holes, trapped in orbit by each other’s gravity and ultimately doomed to merge as one.

www.universetoday.com/116500/new-simulation-offers-stunning-images-of-black-hole-merger/?

Source: mirkokosmos

 

Utah UFO’s Speed Finally Calculated (*Backed by Math) and It’s Shocking

brian hanley
Published on Jan 30, 2019

Check out Rob Woodus’ channel: www.youtube.com/channel/UCD99…
Rob’s 1st video: youtu.be/cFN7KofHpcY
Rob’s 2nd video: youtu.be/scdK5xcbV-k

Deep Space by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/…) Artist: audionautix.com/

Nicely done. Same result as before, but with two more added for different starting points. Shocking, indeed.

Oh, hey, here is a quickie. Please note that I do NOT endorse the use of the term “cockpit.” That’s a dangerous leap.

Stunning NEW Enhanced Images of Utah UFO Reveal the Craft Has a Cockpit!

brian hanley
Published on Feb 6, 2019

New enhanced images sent to me by EG (AKA Evil Lemon) reveal that the Utah UFO has a cockpit. What do you see?

SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS: youtu.be/4yRlWmk6p-w
RAW FOOTAGE: www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVmGh…
ORIGINAL VIDEO: www.youtube.com/watch?v=cE-Yr…
INTERVIEW: www.youtube.com/watch?v=GlIc-…

Brian needs to stay strong and avoid the evil WOO!

be well

 

This thing looks fantastic and if used properly likely game-changing.

Want to dig deeper into it.

be well

 

Charles W. Shults III

We have a new Virtual Science Center being created. This is the first gallery, devoted to some of the results of the research that I have done. I also have a few links that you will enjoy with this.

A couple of TV news spots first…
www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzShK8u16tw   www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y68knv2vyYw

And some material about the book…
www.youtube.com/watch?v=C0IpS2ZmgzY

Enjoy, join us in our venture, and let’s have some feedback. This is a project we can all get behind!

www.shultslaboratories.com

Hey, hey, it’s my good friend Charles! An awesome dude who doesn’t get anywhere the recognition that he should… Ooh, I remember from years ago when he ran the best Mars forum the interwebs have ever seen. Seriously, it was fanfreakintastic. Such good people. Such good memories. And not a drop of woo!

So glad to hear that the findings from all those years are getting a place of their own. I pray it catches on, especially with the young folks. It’d be just grand!

be well

 

far side

far side

We’ve seen the far side quite a few times – from orbit…

But…

These are the first ever images taken from the ground on the far side of the Moon.

Captured by the Chinese Lunar Exploration Project (CLEP)’s history-making Chang’e-4 spacecraft.

www.clep.org.cn…

This is simply FanFreakin’tastic!

Such wonderfuil things are coming!

be well

 

horse brains

Plate XXVII. Brain and ear. Descriptive anatomy of the horse and domestic animals. 1870.

the head

“Right infero-lateral view of the head.” Strangeways’ veterinary anatomy. 1879.

Via the one and only nemfrog

be well

 

 

Ion drive: The first flight

nature video
Published on Nov 21, 2018

Researchers from MIT have flown a plane without moving parts for the first time. It is powered by an ‘ion drive’ which uses high powered electrodes to ionise and accelerate air particles, creating an ‘ionic wind’. This wind drove a 5m wide craft across a sports hall. Unlike the ion drives which have powered space craft for decades, this new drive uses air as the accelerant. The researchers say it could power silent drones. Read the original research paper: doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-07… Read Nature’s Editorial which also raises possible concerns about how a silent drone might be used: doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07…

Here is a snippet from a Scientific American.com article called Silent and Simple Ion Engine Powers a Plane with No Moving Parts. There is also an ATS discussion with the same title here.

Behind a thin white veil separating his makeshift lab from joggers at a Massachusetts Institute of Technology indoor track, aerospace engineer Steven Barrett recently test-flew the first-ever airplane powered with ionic wind thrusters—electric engines that generate momentum by creating and firing off charged particles.

Using this principle to fly an aircraft has long been, according even to Barrett, a “far-fetched idea” and the stuff of science fiction. But he still wanted to try. “In Star Trek you have shuttlecraft gliding silently past,” he says. “I thought, ‘We should have aircraft like that.’”

Thinking ionic wind propulsion could fit the bill, he spent eight years studying the technology and then decided to try building a prototype miniature aircraft—albeit one he thought was a little ugly. “It’s a kind of dirty yellow color,” he says, adding that black paint often contains carbon—which conducts electricity and caused a previous iteration to fry itself

Unlike its predecessors, which had tumbled to the ground, Version 2 sailed nearly 200 feet through the air at roughly 11 miles per hour (17 kilometers per hour). With no visible exhaust and no roaring jet or whirling propeller—no moving parts at all, in fact—the aircraft seemed silently animated by an ethereal source. “It was very exciting,” Barrett says. “Then it crashed into the wall, which wasn’t ideal.”

Barrett and his team figured out three main things to make Version 2 work. The first was the ionic wind thruster design. Version 2’s thrusters consist of two rows of long metal strands draped under its sky blue wings. The front row conducts some 40,000 volts of electricity—166 times the voltage delivered to the average house, and enough energy to strip the electrons off ample nitrogen atoms hanging in the atmosphere.

Another innovation Barrett’s team came up with was designing a lightweight but powerful electrical system, Walker notes. Before this aircraft, he says, nobody had created a system that could convert power from a lightweight battery efficiently enough to generate sufficient voltage for the thrusters.

Finally Barrett used a computer model to get the most out of every design element in the aircraft, from the thruster and electrical system designs to the wires that ran through the plane. “The power converter, the battery, the caps and fuselage—everything was optimized,” Barrett says. “The simulations failed all the time. We had to make hundreds of changes.” In the end, they had the triumphant Version 2.

The breakthrough offers a great proof of concept showing ion thrusters can be used on Earth….Propellers and jets are still far more efficient than the ion wind thrusters Barrett demonstrated, making it unlikely that passenger planes would switch over anytime soon. But the thrusters have one key advantage: “There’s no sound generation

Over at ATS, one of our resident aircraft experts, anzha, offered … “Bit more info:” www.eurekalert.org… www.nature.com… and www.nature.com…

If we can overcome our socio-survival obstacles and get ourselves to a good place the future is made nicer by this development. I would venture that although it does require lots and lots of volts, those volts will be forthcoming without too much difficulty. Note to self: gotta read all the articles!

be well

 

Ultima Thule

This image made available by NASA on Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019 shows images with separate color and detail information, and a composited image of both, showing Ultima Thule, about 1 billion miles beyond Pluto. The New Horizons spacecraft encountered it on Tuesday, Jan. 1, 2019. (NASA via AP)

Read more at: NASA: Icy object past Pluto looks like reddish snowman

Ultima Thule

A new picture returned from Nasa’s New Horizons spacecraft shows the little world to be two objects joined together – to give a look like a “snowman.” The US probe’s images acquired as it approached Ultima hinted at the possibility of a double body, but the first detailed picture from Tuesday’s close flyby confirms it.
www.bbc.co.uk…

Ultima Thule

Ultima Thule… the most distant object that our current human civilization has ever checked out – at 4.1 billion miles out from Earth.

I think it’s lovely.

Read more at Phys.org’s NASA: Icy object past Pluto looks like reddish snowman.

Images by NASA via AP

Spectacular. Bravo dear Space Cowboys, we love you so!

be well

 

near-Earth asteroid 2003 SD220

These three radar images of near-Earth asteroid 2003 SD220 were obtained on Dec. 15-17, by coordinating observations with NASA’s 230-foot (70-meter) antenna at the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex in California and the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) 330-foot (100-meter) Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/GSSR/NSF/GBO

More here at JPL.

Looks like a thingy… : /

be well

 

This just in! Received from the boffins…

 

outofhere

NASA’s Voyager 2 Probe Enters Interstellar Space

For the second time in history, a human-made object has reached the space between the stars. NASA’s Voyager 2 probe now has exited the heliosphere – the protective bubble of particles and magnetic fields created by the Sun.

Members of NASA’s Voyager team will discuss the findings at a news conference at 11 a.m. EST (8 a.m. PST) today at the meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in Washington. The news conference will stream live on the agency’s website.

Comparing data from different instruments aboard the trailblazing spacecraft, mission scientists determined the probe crossed the outer edge of the heliosphere on Nov. 5. This boundary, called the heliopause, is where the tenuous, hot solar wind meets the cold, dense interstellar medium. Its twin, Voyager 1, crossed this boundary in 2012, but Voyager 2 carries a working instrument that will provide first-of-its-kind observations of the nature of this gateway into interstellar space.

Voyager 2 now is slightly more than 11 billion miles (18 billion kilometers) from Earth. Mission operators still can communicate with Voyager 2 as it enters this new phase of its journey, but information – moving at the speed of light – takes about 16.5 hours to travel from the spacecraft to Earth. By comparison, light traveling from the Sun takes about eight minutes to reach Earth.

numbers

Artist’s concept of Voyager 2 with 9 facts listed around it. Image Credit: NASA
Larger view

The most compelling evidence of Voyager 2’s exit from the heliosphere came from its onboard Plasma Science Experiment (PLS), an instrument that stopped working on Voyager 1 in 1980, long before that probe crossed the heliopause. Until recently, the space surrounding Voyager 2 was filled predominantly with plasma flowing out from our Sun. This outflow, called the solar wind, creates a bubble – the heliosphere – that envelopes the planets in our solar system. The PLS uses the electrical current of the plasma to detect the speed, density, temperature, pressure and flux of the solar wind. The PLS aboard Voyager 2 observed a steep decline in the speed of the solar wind particles on Nov. 5. Since that date, the plasma instrument has observed no solar wind flow in the environment around Voyager 2, which makes mission scientists confident the probe has left the heliosphere.

readings

Animated gif showing the plasma data. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Larger view

“Working on Voyager makes me feel like an explorer, because everything we’re seeing is new,” said John Richardson, principal investigator for the PLS instrument and a principal research scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. “Even though Voyager 1 crossed the heliopause in 2012, it did so at a different place and a different time, and without the PLS data. So we’re still seeing things that no one has seen before.”

In addition to the plasma data, Voyager’s science team members have seen evidence from three other onboard instruments – the cosmic ray subsystem, the low energy charged particle instrument and the magnetometer – that is consistent with the conclusion that Voyager 2 has crossed the heliopause. Voyager’s team members are eager to continue to study the data from these other onboard instruments to get a clearer picture of the environment through which Voyager 2 is traveling.

“There is still a lot to learn about the region of interstellar space immediately beyond the heliopause,” said Ed Stone, Voyager project scientist based at Caltech in Pasadena, California.

Together, the two Voyagers provide a detailed glimpse of how our heliosphere interacts with the constant interstellar wind flowing from beyond. Their observations complement data from NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX), a mission that is remotely sensing that boundary. NASA also is preparing an additional mission – the upcoming Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP), due to launch in 2024 – to capitalize on the Voyagers’ observations.

“Voyager has a very special place for us in our heliophysics fleet,” said Nicola Fox, director of the Heliophysics Division at NASA Headquarters. “Our studies start at the Sun and extend out to everything the solar wind touches. To have the Voyagers sending back information about the edge of the Sun’s influence gives us an unprecedented glimpse of truly uncharted territory.”

While the probes have left the heliosphere, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 have not yet left the solar system, and won’t be leaving anytime soon. The boundary of the solar system is considered to be beyond the outer edge of the Oort Cloud, a collection of small objects that are still under the influence of the Sun’s gravity. The width of the Oort Cloud is not known precisely, but it is estimated to begin at about 1,000 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun and to extend to about 100,000 AU. One AU is the distance from the Sun to Earth. It will take about 300 years for Voyager 2 to reach the inner edge of the Oort Cloud and possibly 30,000 years to fly beyond it.

The Voyager probes are powered using heat from the decay of radioactive material, contained in a device called a radioisotope thermal generator (RTG). The power output of the RTGs diminishes by about four watts per year, which means that various parts of the Voyagers, including the cameras on both spacecraft, have been turned off over time to manage power.

“I think we’re all happy and relieved that the Voyager probes have both operated long enough to make it past this milestone,” said Suzanne Dodd, Voyager project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. “This is what we’ve all been waiting for. Now we’re looking forward to what we’ll be able to learn from having both probes outside the heliopause.”

Voyager 2 launched in 1977, 16 days before Voyager 1, and both have traveled well beyond their original destinations. The spacecraft were built to last five years and conduct close-up studies of Jupiter and Saturn. However, as the mission continued, additional flybys of the two outermost giant planets, Uranus and Neptune, proved possible. As the spacecraft flew across the solar system, remote-control reprogramming was used to endow the Voyagers with greater capabilities than they possessed when they left Earth. Their two-planet mission became a four-planet mission. Their five-year lifespans have stretched to 41 years, making Voyager 2 NASA’s longest running mission.

The Voyager story has impacted not only generations of current and future scientists and engineers, but also Earth’s culture, including film, art and music. Each spacecraft carries a Golden Record of Earth sounds, pictures and messages. Since the spacecraft could last billions of years, these circular time capsules could one day be the only traces of human civilization.

Voyager’s mission controllers communicate with the probes using NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN), a global system for communicating with interplanetary spacecraft. The DSN consists of three clusters of antennas inGoldstone, California; Madrid, Spain; and Canberra, Australia.

The Voyager Interstellar Mission is a part of NASA’s Heliophysics System Observatory, sponsored by the Heliophysics Division of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. JPL built and operates the twin Voyager spacecraft. NASA’s DSN, managed by JPL, is an international network of antennas that supports interplanetary spacecraft missions and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the solar system and the universe. The network also supports selected Earth-orbiting missions. The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia’s national science agency, operates both the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, part of the DSN, and the Parkes Observatory, which NASA has been using to downlink data from Voyager 2 since Nov. 8.

For more information about the Voyager mission, visit:

www.nasa.gov/voyager

More information about NASA’s Heliophysics missions is available online at:

www.nasa.gov/sunearth

Hahaha, Vger has left the building! Now they’re both out there.

This is so cool, this is seriously exciting to me.

Now we’ll be able to clearly see the real makeup of space and be free of the noise of the heliosphere. There will be revelations and discoveries and wondrous new surprises. I have learned in my decades that the farther out you go, the weirder it gets.

Of this there is no doubt and for this we are grateful.

be well

 

Raw Sounds from InSight’s Seismometer on Mars

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Uploaded on Dec 7, 2018

Listen to raw, unprocessed data from the seismometer on NASA’s InSight spacecraft of vibrations caused by wind moving over the solar panels on Mars. A subwoofer or earphones are needed to hear this clip. The sounds were recorded by two of the three short-period sensors on the seismometer (SEIS). The audio is available for download at NASA.gov/sounds. JPL manages InSight for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA’s Discovery Program, managed by the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. France’s national space agency, Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES), Paris, leads the consortium that provided SEIS. The principal investigator for SEIS is Philippe Lognonné of the Institute of Earth Physics of Paris (Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, or IPGP). Imperial College, London, and Oxford University made the short-period sensors.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CNES/UKSA/Imperial College London/Oxford/ETH

For years I have anxiously awaited audio from Mars. And I am smitten… regardless of the fact that this is from a seismometer and not a microphone.

I seem to recall being told a good while back that there’s a mic on Curiosity, but I am not sure, now, as we’ve certainly not heard a peep from it if it exists.

The .wav files below are from Insight Mars Wind.

00:20

More Audible Sounds from InSight’s Seismometer on Mars

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Uploaded on Dec 7, 2018

More Audible Sounds from InSight’s Seismometer on Mars Listen to data from the seismometer on NASA’s InSight spacecraft of vibrations caused by Martian wind moving over the lander’s solar panels. In this version, the data have been processed to raise the frequencies by two octaves to make them more audible. Both the processed and unprocessed audio are available for download at nasa.gov/sounds.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CNES/UKSA/Imperial College London/Oxford/ETH

better bass:

00:20

Sounds from InSight’s Pressure Sensor on Mars

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Uploaded on Dec 7, 2018

Listen to data from the air pressure sensor on NASA’s InSight lander, indicating wind blowing by on Mars. The data were sped up by a factor of 100, shortening the duration of the recording and shifting it up in frequency 100 times (a little more than six octaves).

For more information on the InSight mission, visit https://mars.nasa.gov/insight

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CNES/Cornell

02:27

be well

 

WooHoo! It’s new and it’s a biggun!

newsirensal

newsirensal

What has two short, chunky arms, a mane of feathery gills, and a sleek, green-marbled, eel-like body as long as your leg? No guesses? Meet the reticulated siren, a massive, two and a half foot-long salamander, described for the first time in a paper published today in the journal PLOS ONE, hailing from the remote, secluded wilds of *checks notes* southern Alabama and the Florida Panhandle.

Sirens are a small family of unusual salamanders found throughout the Southeastern U.S. and parts of Mexico. They are entirely aquatic, living in swamps and ponds and keeping their bushy external gills through adulthood. Ranging from a few inches to over three feet long, sirens have shrimpy forelimbs, and have ditched their hindlimbs altogether, leaving only a long, eel-like body and tail fin. Their name comes from their mermaid-adjacent body plan and their occasional “singing” and croaking.

Knowledge of the reticulated siren didn’t just spring into being overnight. For decades, the salamander had an almost mythical status in herpetology circles.

Sean Graham, a biologist at Sul Ross State University, author of American Snakes, and lead author on the new study, first heard about the enigmatic “leopard eel” in the early 2000s. “It was almost a rumored thing, almost like a unicorn,” he recounted. “Some biologists were familiar with it and had seen it.”

Hearing those biologists’ stories and seeing the handful of preserved specimens that were collected years ago left an impression. “I thought ‘holy crap, this is a big siren species that’s really obviously different,’ boldly colored and crazy looking!” Graham said. About ten years ago, while in graduate school at Auburn University, he mentioned the siren’s possible existence to then-fellow student David Steen, now a research ecologist at the Georgia Sea Turtle Center and coauthor on the study.

“We wanted to describe this mysterious siren that others had noted as occurring in southern Alabama,” Steen said. “But we had no real claim to the project; we knew that if we wanted to work on this species we had to find one in the wild ourselves.”

Graham and Steen periodically visited the salamander’s purported turf, but came back empty handed every time. Then, in 2009, Steen captured one in the Florida Panhandle.

Read the rest and find out how they did it…
Nearly Mythical 3-Foot-Long Swamp Salamander Is Officially a Real Species

I have loved salamanders ever since I started exploring the woods… well before my 10th. They’re just neat.

I dig this newly categorized Siren reticulata fellow. Nifty keen! And nice and big… a meter is big, eh?

be well